The state of Michigan is known for its botanical diversity. Check out some amazing Native Michigan Trees found in this part of the USA below!
Popular for its lush landscapes and vibrant ecosystems, Michigan has a treasure trove of diverse tree species. Read on to learn more about some remarkable native Michigan trees.
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Native Michigan Trees
Botanical Name: Quercus alba
Native to Michigan, white oak is a slow-growing, deciduous hardwood tree that can grow up to 80-100 feet. This botanical specimen features fingerlike lobed leaves, whitish bark, and orange-brown oval fruits.
Botanical Name: Cornus florida
A member of the Cornaceae family, Cornus Florida is a Michigan native tree that is commonly found growing in woodland margins. This deciduous tree does best in well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade.
Botanical Name: Acer rubrum
Red maple is a shade tree with a rounded crown, small red flowers, scaly bark, and orange-red fall leaves. Its light, creme-colored wood is used in crafting various furniture, cabinetry, and flooring.
4. Black Spruce
Botanical Name: Picea mariana
Belong to the pine family, the black spruce is a narrow, spire-like tree that can beome 30-75 feet tall in favorable conditions. This pine tree is a major source of pulpwood but its wood is also used for the manufacturing of chopsticks.
5. Eastern Hemlock
Botanical Name: Tsuga canadensis
Eastern hemlock is adorned with glossy needle-like foliage, brown cones, and hairy stems. Besides offering visual interest, this tree provides shelter to wildlife such as turkeys and white-tailed deer.
6. Bitternut Hickory
Botanical Name: Carya cordiformis
Bitternut hickory tree produces hard, durable wood, strong taproot, and nuts in October. This 50-70 feet tall Michigan native has a broad pyramid-shaped crown and a cylindrical trunk.
Botanical Name: Gymnocladus dioicus
Gymnocladus dioicus boasts showy greenish-white blooms, bipinnately compound foliage, and pod-like fruits. This tree is cultivated widely for its seed pods that are used as a substitute for coffee.
Botanical Name: Sassafras albidum
The sassafras tree is known for its peculiar mitten-shaped leaves and fragrant bark. This drought-tolerant tree prefers well-drained acidic soil and full sun to partial shade for prolific growth.
Botanical Name: Rhus typhina
Sumac trees are common in Michigan’s open fields, prairies, grasslands, savannas, woodlands, and along roadsides. They are popular for their vibrant fall foliage and clusters of showy red berries.
Botanical Name: Platanus occidentalis
A large deciduous tree of the Michigan state, sycamore, can reach heights of 75-100 feet when grown along streams, rivers, and flood plains. This botanical gem has mottled bark and lobed leaves.
Botanical Name: Liriodendron tulipifera
Tulip Poplar, also known as yellow poplar, is a deciduous tree of the Magnoliaceae or magnolia family. This tree grows abundantly in moist, well-drained soil and full sunlight exposure.
Botanical Name: Juglans cinerea
A walnut tree or Juglans cinerea is a broadleaf deciduous tree that can live for 75 years. It beautifies landscapes with open, rounded, spreading crown, dark green foliage, and stout branches.
Botanical Name: Populus tremuloides
Quaking aspen is famous among gardening enthusiasts for its long pyramidal trunk, dark brown or gray bark, and yellow-colored fall leaves. This short-lived broadleaf deciduous tree is hardy to USDA zone 1.
14. American Linden
Botanical Name: Tilia americana
Basswood, also known as the American Linden, is a large shade tree of the mallow family. This tree is valued for its fragrant, nectar-rich flowers that bloom in spring and summer. Its nectar makes excellent honey.
Botanical Name: Fagus grandifolia
The American beech tree is famous for its smooth, gray bark and elegant fall foliage display. It also boasts Monoecious yellowish-green blossoms in spring and nuts, which are an important food source for wildlife.
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