Want unique plants for your space? Learn about Plants That Start with R, their botanical names, and individual characteristics below!
Looking to expand your botanical knowledge? Why not focus on Plants That Start with the Letter R? This article has 20 such plants, their botanical names, and detailed descriptions.
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Plants That Start With R
1. Red Clover
Botanical Name: Trifolium pratense
Red clover is a perennial herb with fragrant pink flower clusters and clover-scented leaves. It’s widely used as fodder for livestock and as an herbal remedy for athlete’s foot, constipation, corns, and menopause.
Botanical Name: Allium ursinum
Ramsons are bulbous perennial flowering plants that start with R. Their broad, lance-shaped leaves and flowers are edible. Parts of this plant are used to garnish salads.
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3. Round-headed Rampion
Botanical Name: Phyteuma orbiculare
Phyteuma orbiculare is a European native that attracts the eyes with its blue-purple flowers. This herbaceous perennial has edible roots and leaves with a sweet, mild flavor.
Botanical Name: Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary is an evergreen plant beginning with R featuring needle-like leaves and pale blue to white blooms. This herb can tolerate light shade but does best under full sun. It’s a popular ingredient in cooking because of its aromatic scent.
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5. Russian Sage
Botanical Name: Perovskia atriplicifolia
Russian sage is a semi-woody perennial plant common in Central Asia and Tibet. It features gray-green leaves and tall spikes of purple-blue tubular blooms.
6. Rain Lily
Botanical Name: Zephyranthes spp.
Rain lily is a small, bulbous plant popular for its funnel-shaped blooms that appear after heavy rains. It also showcases narrow, grass-like foliage, making this plant ideal for rock gardens and containers.
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7. Red Hot Poker
Botanical Name: Kniphofia uvaria
Red Hot Poker features tall spikes of tubular flowers ranging from red to orange to yellow. This botanical gem attracts hummingbirds to the garden. It’s an excellent addition to plants that start with R.
8. Rat Tail Cactus
Botanical Name: Aporocactus flagelliformis
This Mexican native is a trailing cactus with long, slender stems that resemble a rat’s tail. It elevates the visual appeal of landscapes with showy pink to magenta flowers.
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9. Red Valerian
Botanical Name: Centranthus ruber
Red Valerian is a perennial herb that boasts red, pink, or white flowers. Among the plants that start with R, this herb is often used in rock gardens.
Botanical Name: Ruta graveolens
Also known as common rue or herb-of-grace, rue is a herbaceous plant that bears oblong, blue-green leaves and yellow flowers. Its leaves release a strong scent when crushed.
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Botanical Name: Arabis caucasica
Rockcress is a low-growing perennial that offers small, fragrant white flowers. This beautiful plant admires full sunlight and a gritty, alkaline, well-drained potting medium for prolific growth.
12. Red-Leafed Mukdenia
Botanical Name: Mukdenia rossii ‘Karasuba’
Red-leafed mukdenia is a perennial plant with dramatic green and red fan-shaped leaves and white flowers. It’s a popular ornamental foliar specimen in East Asia.
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13. Red Campion
Botanical Name: Silene dioica
Endemic to Europe and Asia, the red campion is a beautiful perennial plant with bright pink blooms. This botanical gem is common in woodlands and meadows.
14. Ragged Robin
Botanical Name: Lychnis flos-cuculi
The Ragged Robin is a perennial plant known for its pink flowers with deeply cut petals, giving them a ‘ragged’ appearance. This plant is found in wet meadows and pastures of Europe and Asia.
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15. Rattlesnake Plant
Botanical Name: Calathea lancifolia
The rattlesnake plant bears striking foliage with a unique pattern that resembles the rattlesnake’s skin, hence the name. It admires diffused, indirect sunlight for the best growth.
16. Reed Canary Grass
Botanical Name: Phalaris arundinacea
Belongs to the Poaceae family, phalaris arundinacea is a perennial grass of Eurasia. This botanical specimen can reach a height of 6-9 feet. Among the plants that start with R, it’s used by gardeners for erosion control and as a fodder crop.
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Botanical Name: Ononis spinosa
Restharrow is an erect, bushy perennial herb that can grow up to 18 inches. This plant attracts attention with its small, pink flowers, dark green leaves, and spiny stems.
18. Red Deadnettle
Botanical Name: Lamium purpureum
Native to Europe and Asia, this low-growing annual herb produces purplish flowers yearly. It does best in full sun to light shade and moist, fertile, well-drained soil.
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19. Red Baneberry
Botanical Name: Actaea rubra
Red baneberry is a perennial herb indigenous to North America. It offers small white flowers and bright red berries, which are poisonous.
20. Rose Mallow
Botanical Name: Hibiscus moscheutos
Indigenous to the Southeastern United States, rose mallow is a tall herbaceous perennial herb. It bears large, hollyhock-like blooms in shades of pink and white with a deep red center.
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