Is Jalapeno a Fruit | Health Benefits Of Jalapenos

Everyone loves to eat jalapenos, either in salads, sandwiches, and burgers! But, have you ever wondered, Is Jalapeno a Fruit or Vegetable? Let’s find out!

Green and fleshy, jalapenos are sour-spicy in flavor. If you want to know whether Jalapeno is a Fruit or a Vegetable. Stay tuned to know the answer.

Here are some genius fruits and vegetable storage ideas

What Is a Jalapeno?

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Comes under the ‘Capsicum annuum’ species, jalapeno is a spicy chile pepper renowned for its moderate spiciness. You can eat jalapeno fresh and as a spice in dishes. The compound named ‘Capsaicin‘ is responsible for its spiciness.

Other Names of Jalapeno

Besides the name jalapeno, it’s also popular with other names, which are:

  • Huachinango – the ripe red jalapeno
  • Chipotle Pepper – a smoked jalapeno pepper
  • Chile Gordo – “Fat Chili Pepper”
  • Cuaresmeño

Nutritional Value of Jalapenos

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Jalapenos are low in calories and carbs. Furthermore, they are rich in vitamins C, E, and K and have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

100 gms of raw jalapenos contain:

  • Calories 28
  • Protein 0.91 g
  • Total Fat 0.4 g
  • Cholesterol 0 mg
  • Total Carbohydrate 7 g

Vitamins & Minerals

  • Vitamin C 118.6 mg
  • Potassium 248 mg
  • Vitamin E 3.58 mg
  • Sodium 3 mg
  • Vitamin K 18.5 µg
  • Calcium 12 mg
  • Vitamin B6 0.419 mg

Is Jalapeno a Fruit?

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People usually think that jalapeno is a vegetable; however, it’s a fruit. From the botanical point of view, jalapeno is a fruit because it carries seeds and develops from the flower of the pepper plant. Even the so-called vegetables, namely, okra, cucumber, tomatoes, zucchini, and eggplant, are also fruits. Jalapeno isn’t just to add spiciness, but it offers some fantastic benefits as well.

How Hot are Jalapeno Peppers?

Scoville Heat Unit (SHU) is used to measure the pungency of chili peppers. The SHU of an average jalapeno fruit is 2500 – 8000. However, some of its species have mild and higher spiciness. But if you compared this pepper fruit with the hottest pepper in the world, i.e., Carolina reaper having 2,200,000 Scoville Heat Units, then jalapeno seems sweet for you.

Common Jalapeno Varieties

Some of the delicious, spicy, and flavorful varieties of jalapenos are described below:

1. Purple Jalapeno Pepper

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Fruit Size: 2 to 3 Inches

Purple jalapeno is a beautiful variant of the regular jalapeno pepper. This variety changes its color from green to dark purple, then turn deep red. It flourishes in full sun with purple flowers. Most importantly, purple jalapeno fruit is edible and delicious at every stage.

2. Yellow Jalapeno Pepper (Jaloro)

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Fruit Size: Small (under 2 inches) Medium (4 to 6 inches)

Yellow jalapeno or Jaloro is a crossbreed variant of the original jalapeno. It’s mildly hot and has a fruity aftertaste. In 1992 the Texas Agriculture Extension Service created its first ‘Yellow jalapeno pepper,’ which shows strong resistance against the pepper viruses.

3. Mucho Nacho Jalapeno

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Fruit Size: Up to 4 inches long

Ideal for filling and grilling, this jalapeno variety is excellent for flavoring a variety of dishes. Mucho nacho jalapeno fruit begins with green and turns red in color when mature. This is one of the hottest and most delicious species of jalapenos.

4. Black Jalapeno

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Fruit Size: Up to 3.5 inches long

Yeah! You heard it right! Jalapenos also come in black. Hotter than the regular jalapenos, the fruit of this variety starts with green, then black, and turns red when ripened. It’s one of the flavorous jalapeno varieties. Next time you see a black jalapeno fruit, eat it without being afraid of a rotten one.

5. Billy Biker JalapenoIs Jalapeno a Fruit 8

Fruit Size: Up to 4 to 6 inches long

Billy biker jalapenos are the hottest variety of jalapenos. They offer larger fruit in comparison to the rest of the varieties. Don’t eat them raw because of their pungent taste and excessive spiciness. You can use them to enhance the flavor of many dishes.

6. TAM Jalapeno

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Fruit Size: Small (under 2 inches in length) Medium (4 to 6 inches in length)

If you are a fan of jalapenos but don’t like their extra spiciness? Then, this TAM jalapeno variety is for you. This specie has a mild heat with the strong taste of regular jalapenos. TAM jalapeno fruit flourishes well in full sun and well-drained soil.

7. Early Jalapeno

Chilli pepper

Fruit Size:  Small (under 2 inches in length) Medium (4 to 6 inches in length)

This jalapeno variety becomes mature in a short period, i.e., within 60 days, hence the name ‘Early jalapeno.’ If you live in an area where the growing season doesn’t last for long, then early jalapeno is for you. Because of its early maturing ability, it’s a strong contender in farming.

8. Sierra Fuego Jalapeno

Sierra Fuego

Fruit Size: 3.5 inches long

The Sierra Fuego jalapeno offers a huge amount of pepper fruit in comparison to the rest of the varieties. This pepper starts with green, then turns red in color when ripened. Sierra Fuego is hybrid and hotter than the regular jalapeno.

How to Grow Jalapenos in a Pot?

Planting jalapenos in a pot not only gives you fresh pepper fruit but saves you a few bucks as well. Instead of using seeds, purchase a seedling of jalapeno from your nearest nursery. Follow the below steps to grow a jalapeno pepper plant in a pot:

1. Pot Selection – First, choose a pot that’s twice as deep and wide in comparison to the nursery pot. Make sure that it has proper drainage holes.

2. Organic Potting Soil – Now, fill the pot halfway with organic potting soil and a little compost.

3. Remove Seedling from Nursery Pot – Take out the root ball of the jalapeno seedling from the nursery pot. Loosen up its roots and soil using your hands with firm pressure.

4. Plant the Seedling into a New Pot – Now, set the root ball into the pot. Add more potting soil around it until it’s covered properly, and press the soil with your hands. Be careful not to damage the roots while doing this procedure.

5. Water the Plant – Once it’s done, give the plant a good watering.

Care Instructions

  • The jalapeno plant loves full sun. Put the plant under direct sunlight for at least 6 hrs.
  • Always make sure to water them regularly.
  • Repot the plant every two weeks as it gets bigger.

Benefits of Jalapeno

Jalapenos are rich in essential nutritional elements, and their daily consumption can provide various health benefits.

1. Can Promote Weight loss

Jalapeno is an effective way to lose those extra pounds. It works because of the capsaicinoids named active ingredients. Eating jalapeno fruit on a daily basis increases your metabolism and reduces your appetite and energy intake. However, regular exercise and a good routine also play a vital role in weight loss.

2. Fights Against Infections

As jalapeno is a potent anti-microbial agent, it inhibits a number of infections, causing bacteria such as Streptococcus pyogenes, B. cereus, Clostridium tetani, and B. subtilis. This is all possible due to the capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin content present in the jalapeno.

3. Has Anti-Oxidant Properties

Jalapeno has huge amounts of antioxidant properties because of its richness in vitamins C and E. Antioxidants fight against the free radicals that damage healthy cells.  According to a study by “The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry,” Fresh jalapeno has high antioxidant content compared to canned ones.

4. Possess Anti-Inflammatory Properties

Jalapeno possesses anti-inflammatory properties thanks to its active ingredient ‘Capsaicin.’ This characteristic makes it a major candidate against various types of inflammatory diseases. Eat it regularly to reap its plethora of health benefits.

5. Keep Your Heart Healthy

According to a well-reputed study, capsaicin found in jalapeno chili pepper can keep your heart healthy by lowering the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The preliminary research shows its potential. However, more human studies are needed.

Top Five Recipes that Use Jalapeno

Below are the five most popular recipes that include jalapeno as the main ingredient.

1. Jan’s Jalapeno Popper Pizza

Enriched with the flavor and goodness of jalapenos, try this delicious pizza that can be prepared within an hour. The full recipe is here.

2. Smoky Jalapenos

Make this mouthwatering bacon-wrapped smoky jalapeno appetizer that ensures no leftovers. You can use any variety of jalapenos, but the yellow one is preferable.

3. Quick 10-Minute Pickled Jalapenos

If you are a pickle lover and prefer to make it on your own. Then try this tangy and sweet pickled jalapenos that can be prepared only in 10 minutes. The detailed recipe is here.

4. Jalapeno Popper Corn Salad

This creamy salad is filled with the flavors of jalapeno and the sweetness of fresh corn. Try this amazing jalapeno recipe that will leave you speechless.

5. Kiwi-Jalapeno Jam

Instead of using store-bought commercially produced jam, try this homemade kiwi-jalapeno jam. It’s ideal for spreading on bread or with any dish you want. Try this recipe now.

Precautions to Consider

Jalapeno is safe and known for its immense health advantages. But it’s essential to keep in mind some precautions while eating this spicy fruit.

  1. Wear hand gloves while handling the jalapeno, as it’s spicy and can cause irritation or a burning sensation if it accidentally gets into your eyes.
  2. While purchasing jalapenos, always avoid the scarred ones because they are spicier than usual.
  3. Avoid over-consumption of jalapenos, as they can cause a stinging sensation inside your mouth for a short period. Drinking a glass of milk may give you some relief from it.
  4. If you want less spicy jalapenos, remove their inner white membrane, as they have a higher concentration of ‘Capsaicin,’ responsible for their spiciness.
  5. If you are suffering from heartburn, avoid the consumption of jalapeno fruit.

We hope, after reading the above article, you’ll understand the answer to, Is jalapeno a fruit or vegetable. Include them in your meals and enjoy the spiciness along with their potential advantages.

Find out the vegetable names in different languages here

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