Elevate your ornithological knowledge with this list of Birds That Start with E. Get ready to be amazed by Emu, European Serin, and many more!
Interested in learning about birds but don’t know where to start? Why not begin with the unique and diverse Birds That Start With E. Keep reading to learn more about these intriguing avian creatures.
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Birds That Start With E
1. Eastern Bluebird
Scientific Name: Sialia sialis
This thrush-like creature graces North American woodlands with its vivid blue back and rusty-orange chest. The Eastern bluebird is beloved for controlling insect populations, making it a natural garden ally.
2. European Robin
Scientific Name: Erithacus rubecula
Erithacus rubecula, commonly known as the European Robin, is a small songbird that belongs to the thrush family. This charming bird features a distinctive red-orange breast and black beak.
3. Egyptian Vulture
Scientific Name: Neophron percnopterus
A frequent sight in North African skies, this vulture uses its slender bill to scavenge for carrion. This vulture also displays remarkable intelligence, using rocks to crack open ostrich eggs.
4. European Starling
Scientific Name: Sturnus vulgaris
Black feathers with an iridescent sheen and remarkable aerial displays define this bird. Endemic to North America, the European starling is an opportunistic feeder that adapts well to urban environments.
5. Eastern Phoebe
Scientific Name: Sayornis phoebe
Its distinct call stands out amidst the chatter of other bird species in eastern North America. This avian wonder has an olive or grayish-brown back and pale underparts.
6. Eurasian Sparrowhawk
Scientific Name: Accipiter nisus
Common in Europe and Asia, this hawk preys on smaller birds. Its agile flight enables this bird to navigate through forests in pursuit of prey.
7. Eastern Kingbird
Scientific Name: Tyrannus tyrannus
This medium-sized species charms observers with its grayish-black upperparts and stark white belly. These birds that start with ‘E’ are aggressive defenders of their territory.
Scientific Name: Dromaius novaehollandiae
Native to Australia, Emus are 5-6 feet tall birds with long necks and legs. Recognized for swift running abilities, these large flightless birds that start with E have a distinctive appearance.
9. European Greenfinch
Scientific Name: Chloris chloris
With its green hue, this finch thrives in European gardens and feeds on seeds. Known for its social nature, this bird often forages in flocks.
10. Eastern Towhee
Scientific Name: Pipilo erythrophthalmus
Adorned with striking black, white, and brown plumage, this bird scavenges the underbrush for insects and seeds. Its name comes from its distinctive ‘tow-hee’ call.
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11. European Goldfinch
Scientific Name: Carduelis carduelis
The vibrant yellow wing bars distinguish this bird. European Goldfinch is highly adaptable and can thrive in various habitats, including parks and gardens.
12. Eurasian Collared Dove
Scientific Name: Streptopelia decaocto
The Eurasian Collared Dove, scientifically known as Streptopelia decaocto, is a medium-sized dove with a pale gray body, a black “collar,” and striking red eyes. Due to its appearance, it’s a notable mention in this list of birds that start with E.
13. Eastern Screech Owl
Scientific Name: Megascops asio
This nocturnal predator varies in color from grey to reddish-brown. It preys on various small animals, including insects, mammals, and birds.
14. Eastern Yellow Robin
Scientific Name: Eopsaltria australis
This Australian native has a yellow belly that contrasts sharply with its ash-grey back. Eastern Yellow Robins are often found in forests, woodlands, and gardens, hunting insects and other small prey.
15. Eurasian Coot
Scientific Name: Fulica atra
Inhabiting wetlands across Eurasia, this waterbird sports a distinctive white forehead. It’s commonly seen on lakes, ponds, and rivers, where this bird swim gracefully.
16. European Shag
Scientific Name: Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Known for its sleek plumage and diving abilities, this coastal bird is smaller than its cormorant relatives. Often spotted on rocky shorelines, it dives for fish and can stay submerged for up to a minute.
17. Eurasian Curlew
Scientific Name: Numenius arquata
The Eurasian Curlews are a wader bird that breeds across Europe and Asia. These types of birds that start with E are known for their long, down-curved bills.
18. Eastern Rosella
Scientific Name: Platycercus eximius
This strikingly colorful parrot is indigenous to southeastern Australia and emits shrill calls. It’s a social bird, often seen in small flocks, feeding on fruits, seeds, and flowers.
19. European Bee-eater
Scientific Name: Merops apiaster
The European Bee-eater is a striking bird species that inhabits various regions across Europe and Asia. Its eye-catching plumage displays a vibrant palette of greens, blues, yellows, and reds.
20. Eurasian Magpie
Scientific Name: Pica pica
Black and white plumage and a complex range of vocalizations characterize this highly intelligent corvid. Among the few birds that start with E, this creature is known for its problem-solving abilities.
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21. Eurasian Woodcock
Scientific Name: Scolopax rusticola
Primarily ground-dwelling, this bird uses its long bill to forage for worms and insects in woodland areas. This bird is most active at dawn and dusk, known for its elaborate aerial courtship displays.
22. Eastern Meadowlark
Scientific Name: Sturnella magna
Recognized by its vivid yellow chest and distinct black V-shaped band, this bird favors open fields and pastures. It has a melodic song and often nests on the ground, hidden in tall grasses.
23. Eurasian Siskin
Scientific Name: Spinus spinus
This small finch sports a black crown and yellow-green plumage. The Eurasian siskin is known for its high-pitched song. This social bird can often be seen in mixed flocks during the winter months.
24. Eurasian Teal
Scientific Name: Anas crecca
This dabbling duck exhibits iridescent green wing patches and often gathers in shallow wetlands. Known for rapid, agile flight, this bird travels in large flocks.
25. Eurasian Jackdaw
Scientific Name: Corvus monedula
Among the smallest birds that start with E, this avian wonder has a silver-grey nape and black plumage. They have a varied diet that includes seeds, fruits, and small animals.
26. Eurasian Nuthatch
Scientific Name: Sitta europaea
With a bluish-grey upper part and a pale orange belly, this bird boasts yellow legs and a black beak. This bird is famous for its behavior of climbing down tree trunks headfirst, aided by strong claws.
27. Eurasian Wigeon
Scientific Name: Mareca Penelope
Noted for its distinctive whistle-like call, this dabbling duck has a chestnut-hued head and creamy crown. This species can be aggressive when competing for food.
28. Eastern Whipbird
Scientific Name: Psophodes olivaceus
With olive-green plumage and a unique whip-crack call, this bird prefers the dense understory of Australian rainforests. Thus, a notable addition to this list of birds that start with E.
29. Eastern Yellow Wagtail
Scientific Name: Motacilla tschutschensis
Featuring a yellow belly, this slender bird flicks its long tail up and down while walking. This creature prefers wetlands and feeds on insects disturbed by livestock.
30. Eastern Wood-Pewee
Scientific Name: Contopus virens
This bird’s plaintive “pee-a-wee” call can be heard in deciduous forests across eastern North America. Known for its fly-catching ability, this bird hunts from a perch, capturing insects in mid-air.
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31. Eurasian Oystercatcher
Scientific Name: Haematopus ostralegus
Identified by its black and white plumage and long orange beak, the Eurasian oystercatcher consumes shellfish. This bird uses its strong beak to pry open oyster shells.
32. European Stonechat
Scientific Name: Saxicola rubicola
With a black head and orange chest, this bird resides in heath and scrub lands, emitting a call resembling two stones being tapped together. The name “Stonechat” comes from this distinctive sound.
33. Eurasian Reed Warbler
Scientific Name: Acrocephalus scirpaceus
Known for its complex and melodious song, the Eurasian reed warbler prefers reed beds and marshes. This migratory bird breeds in Europe and wintering in sub-Saharan Africa.
34. European Nightjar
Scientific Name: Caprimulgus europaeus
The European Nightjar is a nocturnal bird distinguished by its unique “churring” call and a diet of moths and flying insects. This bird is renowned for its impressive camouflage.
35. Emerald Toucanet
Scientific Name: Aulacorhynchus prasinus
Native to mountainous regions of Central and South America, this bird sports vibrant green plumage and a colorful bill.
36. Eurasian Tree Sparrow
Scientific Name: Passer montanus
Smaller than the House Sparrow, this bird has a rich chestnut crown and nape. It’s often found in rural and urban settings. This bird is an opportunistic feeder and has adapted well to human-made environments.
37. European Serin
Scientific Name: Serinus serinus
European Serin is a small, yellowish-green finch that belongs to the family Fringillidae. This bird consumes seeds and occasionally insects. It’s common in open woodland, gardens, and farmlands.
38. Eastern Grass Owl
Scientific Name: Tyto longimembris
Unlike other owls, this species prefers open grasslands and meadows, where it hunts for small mammals. Their nocturnal habits and low-pitched calls make them difficult to spot.
39. European Herring Gull
Scientific Name: Larus argentatus
This large gull species is famous for its gray back and a distinct red spot on its yellow beak. It also features an eye-grabbing white belly, chest, and head.
40. Eastern Spinebill
Scientific Name: Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris
This Australian honeyeater has a long bill adapted for feeding on flower nectar. Its striking plumage includes a dark cap, a white chest, and a patch under the throat.
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